The Bacteriology Laboratory’s main function is to detect bacteria that are the causative agents of infection from patient specimens. Significant pathogens are identified and their susceptibility or resistance to antimicrobial agents is determined using a variety of methods. Patient samples submitted for investigation include blood, catheter tips, eye, ear, nose and throat samples, sputum and other lower respiratory samples, spinal fluids, other sterile-site body fluids, feces, urine, tissues, biopsies, wound samples, genital samples and transplant specimens such as stem cells and corneal rims. Screening for antibiotic-resistant bacteria such as MRSA, VRE, ESBL, CPE and other highly resistant organisms for the purposes of infection prevention and control within the hospital environment is done using specialized methods requiring highly trained technical staff to interpret and perform follow-up testing of these bacteria.
Bacteriology is a 24/7/365 service. The Bacteriology laboratory is located at the Hamilton General site.